Finsk-svensk-finsk vinordlista
3/2005

Finsk-svensk-finsk vinordlista

Svenska språkbyråns sommarpraktikant Malin Borgström har uppdaterat och bearbetat en finsk-svensk-finsk vinordlista som ursprungligen ingick i Sverigefinska språknämndens tidskrift Kieliviesti 2/2003. Vinexperten Georg H. Borgström har granskat faktainnehållet. De ord som försetts med en asterisk (*) förklaras på sidan 25.

Finsk-svensk lista

aggressiivinen                                                            aggressiv

alkuperämerkintä                                                        appellation

antava                                                                          generös

aromaattinen                                                                aromatisk

aromi                                                                              arom

balthazar                                                                       balthazar

bentoniitti                                                                     bentonit

bouquet                                                                         bouquet

bukee                                                                             bouquet

chaptalisointi                                                               chaptalisering

dekantointi                                                                   dekantering

ehtoollisviini                                                                 nattvardsvin

elegantti                                                                         elegant

eloisa                                                                              livlig

enologia                                                                         enologi

erottaa sakka viinistä                                                   dekantera

etiketti                                                                            etikett

etikkainen                                                                      med ättikssmak

fenoliyhdisteet                                                              fenolföreningar

flor (hiiva)                                                                      flor (svamp)

fysiologinen kypsyys                                                  fysiologisk mognad

haihtuva aine                                                                 flyktigt ämne

hapettunut                                                                    oxiderad

hapokas                                                                         syrlig

hapottaa                                                                        syrbehandla, syrgöra

happo                                                                             syra

happoisuus                                                                   surhetsgrad, syrlighet

harmaahome (Botrytis)                                                Botrytis, ädelröta, gråmögel

harmoninen                                                                    harmonisk

hattu                                                                               lock, skalmassa, hinna

hatun upotus                                                                pigeage

hedelmähappo                                                              fruktsyra

hedelmäinen                                                                  fruktig

hehtaarisato                                                                   uttag per hektar

heikko                                                                              svag

helmeilevä                                                                       pärlande

helppo                                                                             enkel

hienostunut                                                                   elegant

hiilihappo                                                                       kolsyra

hiilihappokäyminen                                                      kolsyrejäsning

hiivainen                                                                        med jästsmak

hiivakanta                                                                      jäststam

hiivasakka                                                                      jästfällning

hillomainen                                                                    syltig

himmeä                                                                           glanslös

homeinen                                                                      möglig

hybridi                                                                            hybrid

hyökkäävä                                                                     aggressiv

intensiteetti                                                                    intensitet

jalat                                                                                 tårar, ben, gardiner

jalohome (Botrytis)                                                      Botrytis, ädelröta, gråmögel

juoksutus                                                                       tappning

jälkikäyminen                                                                 efterjäsning

jälkimaku                                                                         eftersmak

jäännössokeri                                                                 restsocker

kahvi                                                                               kaffe

kalanliima                                                                       husbloss

kannen upotus                                                             pigeage

kansi                                                                               lock, skalmassa, hinna

kapseli                                                                            hylsa, kapsel

karkea                                                                             sträv

karvaishome                                                                  mjöldagg, oidium

karvas                                                                             besk

kasvuluokka                                                                  cru

kasvupaikka                                                                  växtplats

kehittynyt                                                                      utvecklad

keskitäyteläinen                                                            medelfyllig

kevyt                                                                               lätt

kierrekapseli, ‑korkki                                                    skruvkork

kiinteä                                                                             tät

kireä                                                                               stram, tanninrik, sträv

kirkastaminen                                                               klarning

kirkkaus                                                                         klarhet

klooni                                                                             klon

konekorjuu                                                                    maskinell skörd

korkinmakuinen                                                            med korksmak

korkki                                                                             kork

korkkinen                                                                      med korkdefekt

korkkiruuvi                                                                   korkskruv

korkkivika                                                                     korkdefekt

kova                                                                               hård

kuiva                                                                              torr

kukkea                                                                           blommig

kuminen                                                                        med smak av gummi

kuohuviini                                                                    mousserande vin

kuori                                                                              skal

kylmäkäyminen                                                            kylstabilisering

kypsymätön                                                                 omogen

kypsä                                                                             mogen

kyyneleet                                                                      tårar, ben, gardiner

käsinpoiminta                                                               handplockning

käyminen                                                                      jäsning

käyttöviini                                                                     bruksvin

laatuviini                                                                       kvalitetsvin

lajikeviini                                                                       typvin

laskeminen                                                                    tappning

lattea                                                                              platt

leipämäinen                                                                  brödig

lihaisa                                                                            köttig

luokitus                                                                         klassificering

luomuviini                                                                    ekologiskt vin, ekovin

luonteenomainen                                                        karakteristisk

lyhyt (jälkimaku)                                                         kort eftersmak

maanläheinen                                                              jordig

maaperä                                                                        jordmån

maderisointi                                                                  maderisering

maitohappokäyminen (malolaktinen)                       mjölksyrajäsning (malolaktisk)

makea                                                                           söt

makroilmasto                                                               makroklimat

maku                                                                              smak

malolaktinen käyminen                                               malolaktisk jäsning

marjainen                                                                      bärig

maserointi                                                                     maceration

mausteinen                                                                   kryddig

mehevä                                                                         generös

mehumainen                                                                saftlik

mesoilmasto                                                                 mesoklimat

mikroilmasto                                                                mikroklimat

mineraali                                                                       mineral

monipuolinen                                                               mångsidig

monivivahteinen                                                          nyansrik

multainen                                                                      jordig

murskaus                                                                       pressning, krossning

mykkä                                                                             stum

mäski                                                                              mäsk

nahka                                                                             läder

neutraali                                                                        neutral

notkea                                                                            smidig

nuori                                                                               ung

ohut                                                                                tunn

oksidoitunut                                                                  oxiderad

paahtunut                                                                      rostad

parfymoitu                                                                     parfymerad

parkkihappo                                                                  tannin, garvsyra

pastörointi                                                                     pastörisering

pehmeä                                                                          mjuk

pihkainen                                                                      med smak av kåda

pirskahteleva                                                                mousserande

pitkä (jälkimaku)                                                           lång eftersmak

polttava                                                                         eldig

puhdas                                                                           ren

puhdaspiirteinen                                                          druvtypisk

pullo                                                                               flaska, butelj

pullokypsytys                                                              buteljlagring

pullottaa                                                                        buteljera, tappa

punaviini                                                                       rödvin

puolikuiva                                                                     halvtorr

puolimakea                                                                    halvsöt

puristaminen                                                                 pressning, krossning

pähkinäinen                                                                  nötig

pöytäviini                                                                      bordsvin

raaka                                                                              omogen

raikas                                                                             frisk

rakenne                                                                          struktur

rehevä                                                                            frodig, mustig

rikki                                                                                svavel, sulfit

rikkinen                                                                          svavelhaltig

rikkiyhdiste                                                                   svavelförening

roseeviini                                                                       rosé(vin)

roteva                                                                             robust

runko                                                                              struktur

runsas                                                                             rik, generös

ruostumaton terässäiliö                                               rostfri ståltank

ryhdikäs                                                                         strukturerad

rypäle                                                                             druva

rypäleelle tyypillinen                                                   druvtypisk

rypälelajike                                                                   druvsort

rypälemehu                                                                   must (ojäst vin); druvjuice

sakka                                                                              fällning, sediment, bottensats

sameus                                                                           grumlighet

samppanjamenetelmä                                                  champagnemetoden

sato                                                                                 skörd

sedimentti                                                                      sediment

sekoiteviini                                                                    blandvin

sokerointi                                                                       chaptalisering

sokkomaistaminen                                                        blindprovning

solera                                                                              solera(systemet)

suklaa                                                                             choklad

sulkeutunut                                                                   knuten, sluten

suodatus                                                                        filtrering

tammiastia                                                                      ekfat

tamminen                                                                        med fatton/ekton

tammitynnyri                                                                 ekfat

tammitynnyrikypsytys                                                ekfatslagring

tanniini                                                                           tannin, garvsyra

tanniininen                                                                    tanninrik

tanssittaminen                                                              remuagemetoden

tarjoilulämpötila                                                            serveringstemperatur

tasapainoinen                                                               balanserad

tasapainoton                                                                obalanserad

terävä                                                                             skarp

tiivis                                                                                tät

tulinen                                                                            eldig

tuoksu                                                                            doft, bouquet

tynnyri                                                                           fat, tunna

tynnyrikypsytys                                                           fatlagring

tynnyrikäyminen                                                          fatjäsning

tyylikäs                                                                          elegant

tyypillinen                                                                     typisk

täyteläinen                                                                    fyllig

ummehtunut                                                                 unken

uute                                                                                extrakt

uuttaminen                                                                   extrahering, urlakning

valkoviini                                                                      vit(t)vin

vanhentaa                                                                     lagra

vanhentua                                                                     åldras

vanilja                                                                            vanilj

varastoida                                                                     lagra

varttaa                                                                            ympa

vetinen                                                                           vattnig

viallinen                                                                         defekt

viinietikka                                                                      vinäger

viinihappo                                                                     vinsyra

viinikellari                                                                      vinkällare

viinikide                                                                         vinsten

viinikirva                                                                       vinlus

viinikivi                                                                          vinsten

viinikulttuuri                                                                 vinkultur

viiniköynnös                                                                 vinranka

viinillinen                                                                       vinös

viinimestari                                                                   sommelier

viinin tuuletus                                                               luftning

viininmaistaja                                                                vinprovare

viininmaistajaiset                                                         vinprovning

viininmaistelu                                                               vinprovning

viinintekijä                                                                    vinmakare

viinintuottaja                                                                vinproducent

viininvalmistus                                                             vinifiering

viininviljelijä                                                                 vinodlare

viininviljelys                                                                  vinodling

viinitalo                                                                          château

viinitarha                                                                       vingård

viiniviljelmä                                                                  vinodling

vinifiointi                                                                       vinifiering

virheellinen                                                                    defekt

vivahde                                                                          nyans

vivahteikas                                                                    nyansrik

voimainen                                                                      smörig

voimakas                                                                        kraftig

vuosikerta                                                                      årgång

väkevöity                                                                       förstärkt

väri                                                                                  färg

ymppääminen                                                                ympning

yrttimäinen                                                                    med örtinslag

äitelä                                                                               sötsliskig, sötaktig

 

Svensk-finsk lista

aggressiv                                                                        hyökkäävä, aggressiivinen

appellation *                                                                  alkuperämerkintä

arom                                                                                aromi

aromatisk                                                                       aromaattinen

balanserad                                                                     tasapainoinen

balthazar *                                                                     balthazar

ben                                                                                  kyyneleet, jalat

bentonit *                                                                      bentoniitti

besk                                                                                karvas

blandvin                                                                        sekoiteviini

blindprovning                                                               sokkomaistaminen

blommig                                                                         kukkea

bordsvin                                                                         pöytäviini

Botrytis                                                                           jalohome, harmaahome (Botrytis)

bottensats                                                                      sakka

bouquet                                                                          bukee, bouquet, tuoksu

bruksvin                                                                         käyttöviini

brödig                                                                             leipämäinen

butelj                                                                               pullo

buteljera                                                                         pullottaa

buteljlagring                                                                  pullokypsytys

bärig                                                                               marjainen, marjaisa

champagnemetod                                                        samppanjamenetelmä

chaptalisering             *                                                chaptalisointi, sokerointi

château                                                                          viinitalo

choklad                                                                          suklaa

cru                                                                                   kasvuluokka

defekt                                                                             viallinen, virheellinen

dekantera                                                                      erottaa sakka viinistä

dekantering                                                                   dekantoiminen, sakan erottaminen viinistä

doft                                                                                 tuoksu

druva                                                                              rypäle

druvjuice                                                                       rypälemehu

druvsort                                                                         rypälelajike

druvtypisk                                                                     rypäleelle ominainen

efterjäsning                                                                    jälkikäyminen

eftersmak                                                                        jälkimaku

ekfat                                                                                tammiastia, ‑tynnyri

ekfatslagring                                                                  tammitynnyrikypsytys

ekologiskt vin                                                                luomuviini

ekovin                                                                             luomuviini

ekton, med ekton                                                          tamminen

eldig                                                                                tulinen, polttava

elegant                                                                           elegantti, hienostunut

enkel                                                                               helppo

enologi *                                                                        enologia

etikett                                                                             etiketti

extrahera                                                                        uuttaa

extrakt                                                                            uute

fat                                                                                   tynnyri

fatjäsning                                                                      tynnyrikäyminen

fatlagring                                                                       tynnyrikypsytys

fatton, med fatton                                                         tamminen

fenolföreningar                                                            fenoliyhdisteet

filtrering                                                                         suodatus

flaska                                                                              pullo

flor (svamp)                                                                   flor (hiiva)

flyktigt ämne                                                                 haihtuva aine

frisk                                                                                raikas

frodig                                                                              rehevä

fruktig                                                                             hedelmäinen

fruktsyra                                                                        hedelmähappo

fyllig                                                                                täyteläinen

fysiologisk mognad                                                     fysiologinen kypsyys

fällning                                                                           sakka

färg                                                                                 väri

förstärkt                                                                         väkevöity

gardiner                                                                          kyyneleet, jalat

garvsyra                                                                         tanniini, parkkihappo

generös                                                                           antava, mehevä, runsas

glanslös                                                                          himmeä

grumlighet                                                                     sameus

gråmögel                                                                        jalohome, harmaahome (Botrytis)

gummi, med smak av gummi                                       kuminen

halvsöt                                                                           puolimakea

halvtorr                                                                          puolikuiva

handplockning                                                              käsinpoiminta

harmonisk                                                                      harmoninen

husbloss *                                                                     kalanliima

hybrid                                                                             hybridi

hylsa                                                                               kapseli

hård                                                                                kova

intensitet                                                                        intensiteetti

jordig                                                                              multainen, maanläheinen

jordmån                                                                         maaperä

jäsning                                                                           käyminen

jästfällning                                                                    hiivasakka

jästsmak, med jästsmak                                              hiivainen

jäststam                                                                         hiivakanta

kaffe                                                                               kahvi

kapsel                                                                             kapseli

karakteristisk                                                                 luonteenomainen

klarhet                                                                            kirkkaus

klarning                                                                          kirkastaminen

klassificering                                                                 luokitus

klon                                                                                 klooni

knuten                                                                            sulkeutunut

kolsyra                                                                           hiilihappo

kolsyrejäsning                                                              hiilihappokäyminen

kork                                                                                korkki

korkdefekt                                                                     korkkivika

korksmak, med korksmak                                            korkinmakuinen

korkskruv                                                                      korkkiruuvi

kort (eftersmak)                                                            lyhyt jälkimaku

kraftig                                                                            voimakas

kryddig                                                                          mausteinen

kvalitetsvin                                                                   laatuviini

kylstabilisering                                                             kylmäkäsittely

kåda, med smak av kåda                                              pihkainen

köttig                                                                              lihaisa

lagra                                                                               vanhentaa, varastoida

livlig                                                                                eloisa

lock                                                                                 hattu, kansi

luftning                                                                          viinin tuuletus

lång (eftersmak)                                                            pitkä jälkimaku

läder                                                                                nahka

lätt                                                                                   kevyt

maceration                                                                     maserointi

maderisering *                                                              maderisointi

makroklimat                                                                   makroilmasto

malolaktisk jäsning *                                                   malolaktinen käyminen

maskinell skörd                                                            konekorjuu

medelfyllig                                                                    keskitäyteläinen

mesoklimat                                                                    mesoilmasto

mikroklimat                                                                   mikroilmasto

mineral                                                                           mineraali

mjuk                                                                               pehmeä

mjöldagg                                                                       karvaishome

mjölksyrajäsning (malolaktisk)                                  maitohappokäyminen (malolaktinen)

mogen                                                                           kypsä

mousserande                                                                pirskahteleva

mousserande vin                                                         kuohuviini

must (ojäst vin)                                                            rypälemehu

mustig                                                                            rehevä

mångsidig                                                                      monipuolinen

mäsk                                                                               mäski

möglig                                                                            homeinen

nattvardsvin                                                                 ehtoollisviini

neutral                                                                            neutraali

nyans                                                                             vivahde

nyansrik                                                                         monivivahteinen

nötig                                                                               pähkinäinen

obalanserad                                                                   tasapainoton

omogen                                                                           kypsymätön, raaka

oxiderad                                                                          hapettunut, oksidoitunut

parfymerad                                                                     parfymoitu

pastörisering                                                                 pastörointi

pigeage                                                                           hatun/kannen upotus

platt                                                                                 lattea

pressning                                                                        murskaus, puristaminen

pärlande                                                                          helmeilevä

remuagemetoden *                                                       tanssittaminen

ren                                                                                   puhdas

restsocker                                                                      jäännössokeri

rik                                                                                    runsas

robust                                                                             roteva

rosé(vin)                                                                         roseeviini

rostad                                                                              paahtunut

rostfri ståltank                                                               ruostumaton terässäiliö

rödvin                                                                             punaviini

saftlik                                                                              mehumainen

sediment                                                                        sedimentti

serveringstemperatur                                                   tarjoilulämpötila

skal                                                                                  kuori

skalmassa                                                                       hattu, kansi

skarp                                                                               terävä

skruvkork                                                                       kierrekapseli, ‑korkki

skörd                                                                              sato

sluten                                                                             sulkeutunut

smak                                                                                maku

smidig                                                                             notkea

smörig                                                                            voimainen

solera(systemet) *                                                        solera

sommelier                                                                       viinimestari

stram                                                                               kireä

struktur                                                                           rakenne, runko

strukturerad                                                                   ryhdikäs

sträv                                                                                karhea, karkea, kireä

stum                                                                                mykkä

sulfit                                                                                rikki

surhetsgrad                                                                   happoisuus

svag                                                                                heikko

svavel                                                                             rikki

svavelförening                                                              rikkiyhdiste                

svavelhaltig                                                                   rikkinen

syltig                                                                               hillomainen

syra                                                                                 happo

syrbehandla                                                                  hapottaa

syrgöra                                                                           hapottaa

syrlig                                                                               hapokas

syrlighet                                                                         happoisuus

söt                                                                                   makea

sötaktig                                                                          äitelä

sötsliskig                                                                        äitelä

tannin                                                                             tanniini, parkkihappo

tanninrik                                                                        tanniininen, kireä

tappa                                                                              pullottaa

tappning                                                                        juoksutus, laskeminen

torr                                                                                  kuiva

tunn                                                                                ohut

tunna                                                                              tynnyri

typisk                                                                             tyypillinen

typvin                                                                             lajikeviini

tårar                                                                                kyyneleet, jalat

tät                                                                                    kiinteä, tiivis

ung                                                                                  nuori

unken                                                                              ummehtunut

urlakning                                                                        uuttaminen

uttag per hektar                                                             hehtaarisato

utvecklad                                                                       kehittynyt

vanilj                                                                              vanilja

vattnig                                                                            vetinen

vingård                                                                           viinitarha

vinifiering                                                                      vinifiointi, viininvalmistus

vinkultur                                                                        viinikulttuuri

vinkällare                                                                       viinikellari

vinlus                                                                              viinikirva

vinmakare                                                                       viinintekijä

vinodlare                                                                        viininviljelijä

vinodling                                                                        viiniviljelmä

vinproducent                                                                viinintuottaja

vinprovare                                                                     viininmaistaja

vinprovning                                                                   viininmaistajaiset

vinranka                                                                          viiniköynnös

vinsten                                                                           viinikide, viinikivi

vinsyra                                                                           viinihappo

vinäger                                                                            viinietikka

vinös                                                                               viinillinen

vit(t)vin                                                                          valkoviini

växtplats                                                                         kasvupaikka

ympa                                                                                varttaa, ympätä

ympning                                                                          ymppääminen, varttaminen

åldras                                                                               vanhentua

årgång                                                                             vuosikerta

ädelröta                                                                            jalohome, harmaahome (Botrytis)

ättikssmak, med ättikssmak                                          etikkainen

örtinslag, med örtinslag                                                 yrttimäinen

 

Förklaringar

appellation
Beteckning på franska kvalitetsviner som garanterar växtplats, druvsort, odlingsmetoder, framställningsmetoder och alkoholhalt.

balthazar
Buteljstorlek för champagne: 16 flaskor = 12 liter.

bentonit
Jordmån som består av en slags vulkanisk lera. Ämnena i denna lera används för att rena viner från fällningar.

chaptalisering
Tillsats av socker i musten för att öka alkoholhalten i vinet. Tillåtet i nordliga vinländer där den relativa bristen på värme gör att druvorna i sig själva inte uppnår så hög sockerhalt.

enologi
Läran om vin och vinskapande.

husbloss
Husbloss utvinns från fiskars simblåsor och används i vissa vita viner som klarningsmedel.

maceration
Urlakning av smak och färg. 

maderisering
När ett vin, vitt eller rosé, har blivit för gammalt kan det maderisera. Det innebär att vinet får en brun ton och luktar en aning som madeira.

malolaktisk jäsning
En sekundärjäsning som normalt följer direkt på alkoholjäsningen. Äppel­syran i vinet omvandlas till den mildare mjölksyran. Förekommer på rödviner och många vitviner. En förutsättning är att det finns bakterier i källarna som kan sätta igång processen. Det går också att tillsätta selekterade bakterier.

remuagemetoden
(Champagne) Teknik att för hand vrida flaskor för att samla fällningen vid korken. Det görs i ett speciellt ställ, pupitre.

solera(systemet)
Sherry lagras i något som benämns solerasystemet, vilket kortfattat går ut på att viner från olika årgångar blandas med varandra enligt ett speciellt mönster. Systemet består av ett antal ekfat med viner i samma stil, men med olika ålder. Grundregeln är sedan att man tar vin från det äldsta fatet och ersätter